9 Things You Should Know About Cataract Surgery
Most cataracts develop slowly over the course of years. The main symptom is blurry vision. Having cataracts can be like looking through a cloudy window. When a cataract interferes with someone’s usual activities, the cloudy lens can be replaced with a clear, artificial lens. This is generally a safe, outpatient procedure.
Cataracts are common.
Live long enough and chances are you will develop cataracts, the age-related clouding of the eye and the No. 1 cause of blindness worldwide. Thus said, it is one of the safest and most effective types of surgeries.
Cataracts can cause a variety of symptoms and have a number of risk factors.
As proteins clump together, you may experience cloudy vision, faded colours, poor night vision or increased glare or halos around lights. Age is the biggest risk factor associated with cataracts. Other contributing factors, which increase your chances of cataracts, are: sunlight exposure, diabetes, smoking and alcohol use.
Surgeries are increasing and patient age is dropping.
The number of cataract surgeries is rising every year, and the median age of the surgery patient is falling. A Mayo Clinic study showed that between 1980 and 2010, the cataract surgery rate had increased five times and there is no evidence this is slowing.
People are choosing to have cataract surgery earlier.
Boomers are deciding to undergo cataract surgery earlier than previous generations. Among the reasons: the surgery is safer, with fewer complications than in the past. Patients generally do not want to wait till cataract worsens before choosing surgery especially when it hinders their daily lifestyle.
Cataract surgery is not risk-free.
Although cataract removal surgery is relatively safe, like any other surgery it does have its risk. Among the possible complications: inflammation, lens dislocation or detached retina. The patient and surgeon need to discuss if the potential benefits of surgery to correct the patient’s current visual impairment are worth the small risks.
The procedure is pretty straightforward.
Cataract surgery is typically done at an outpatient surgery centre.
To prepare you for the surgery, anaesthetic eye drops are used to numb your eye. Most patients choose to stay awake during the surgery, but some may need to be put to sleep for a short time. Patients describe seeing lights and shapes and feeling occasional pressure.
There have been major advancements.
Today, a typical patient may spend less than two hours at the outpatient surgical centre for a 15-minute surgery, have an incision one-fifth the previous size with no sutures and, in many cases, not require any glasses or contacts.
The cost is pretty steep, but getting less so.
Unlike many items in health care, cataract surgery costs are going down. One study showed that in inflation-adjusted dollars, cataract surgery in 2012 cost 34% less than in 2000 and 85% less than in 1985.
Cataract surgery offers other benefits beyond improved vision.
One study showed a decline in car crashes for those who had surgery. Another showed a significant drop in the rate of falls among women over 70. Australian researchers found fewer reports of anxiety or depression after cataract surgery, possibly related to improved confidence, increased activity and reduced social isolation.
If you would like to learn more about cataract surgery: Please read our detailed article here: https://eyedocpenang.com/cataract-surgery/